red hollywood

Stigma and Markets

Not all market categories are positive, or even neutral. Stigmatized categories are potent and operate in unique ways. In this research stream I show that stigma readily travels through mere associations in markets, based on automatic associations rather than deliberate cognition. This means stigma can harm “innocents” who are connected to the category just by happenstance, and these effects do not readily reverse when stigmas recede.

Selected Publications

Negro, G., M.L. Williams, E.G. Pontikes, and G. Lopiano (2021). “Destigmatization and Its Imbalanced Effects in Labor Markets.” Management Science, 67(12): 7291-7950.


McDonnell, M.H., K. Odziemkowska, and E.G. Pontikes (2021).  “Bad Company: Shifts in Social Activists’ Tactics and Resources After Industry Crises.” Organization Science, 32(4) 1033-1055.


Pontikes, E.G., G. Negro and H. Rao (2010). “Stained Red: A Study of Stigma by Association with Blacklisted Artists during the ‘Red Scare’ in Hollywood, 1945-1960.” American Sociological Review, 75(3): 456-478.